1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital city, Muscat, we can locate a secure and pleasant nation with transforming scenery that transit between desert and the warm Indian; and a population that will get you as if you were a part of it. Oman is a country located in western Asia, on the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west and Yemen to the southwest. The coastline, in the meantime, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://oman-visa.info)
To talk a little bit with regards to its historical past, we have that Oman extends its origins to the Stone Age, considering that there are indications of human settlements in the region, particularly in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. In addition, the metropolis appears named the first time in the 1st century AD. C., specifically when Greeks and Romans recorded the existence of a significant industrial port, what is now currently referred to as “Port of Muscat”, a link in between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The battles for control of the port of Muscat have been frequent over the decades because of its strategic location between the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. In other words, numerous have been the nations that have disputed the possession of the territory, so it has been a vital component for the growth and history of the country.
In the third century, after living with the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I perpetrated an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era started when conversion to Islam happened. This occurred in the seventh century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already established. From that point on, this time frame that started and it extended until the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the fights for power over the city?
The Portuguese fleet initially arrived in Muscat in 1507, however they were met with shots from the port. The fights for power over the city were devastating, but ultimately the Portuguese dominated for more than a century. At that moment the Muscat fortresses were built, to shield against maritime attacks. However, this did not stop the conquest of the Turks, which occurred twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was chosen imam of Oman, he was the one who expelled the Portuguese and also was liable for uniting the nation. He was also the founder of the Yaruba dynasty and from it all the rulers of Oman emerged till 1749. It was a period of fantastic territorial expansion since they conquered metropolitan areas of East Africa such as Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity started in the middle of the 18th century, after having a civil war and the continuous incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During those times, there was a power vacuum that led to theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most significant leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he improved military supremacy and conquered Zanzibar.
How were your internal disputes?
Disputes between the tribes in the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the 20th century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to request great britain for help to quell the revolts and even had to move his residence from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) orchestrated a coup d’etat and overthrew his dad. Ever since then, it has the absolute power of the nation, distinguished as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His recognized home is in the Al Alam Palace.